Hate crime data 2019 (Lithuania), 2020

Lithuania regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Lithuania’s Criminal Code contains a combination of general and specific penalty enhancement provisions and a substantive offence. Data are collected by the Police Department under the Ministry of the Interior and the Prosecutor General’s Office. Data are not made publicly available.

How hate crime data is collected

Criminal data are processed in the Departmental Register of Criminal Acts. The Register is administrated by the Ministry of the Interior. The data are provided by police officers and prosecutors when a pre-trial investigation begins or other decisions on criminal procedures are made. The judges provide data to the Register only in cases of private accusation, in which a pre-trial investigation is not carried out and a victim files a complaint and upholds an accusation in court.

There are two types of hate crimes described in the criminal code: substantive crimes with bias motivations (with specific sentencing enhancements for murder, health impairment, desecration of graves or other places of public respect, and incitement of violence); and all other crimes for which bias motivation is an aggravating circumstance that should be taken into account by the court in sentencing.

During the investigation of hate crime cases, officers entering information in the Register will mark a criminal act as likely motivated by race, nationality, religion, language, gender, descent, social status, convictions or views, sexual orientation, age and disability.

When a criminal case is referred to the court, the officer entering the decision in the Register will also indicate the bias motive of a criminal act if it has been investigated. In order to obtain data on recorded and prosecuted hate crimes, a search of the Register, filtered by indicated motives and specific paragraphs of relevant articles of the criminal code, is carried out. The data are then reviewed to ensure accuracy.

In order to obtain data on sentences for hate crimes, a search by a relevant criminal case number is carried out in the Register of Suspected, Accused and Convicted Persons for hate crimes referred to the court. The searches are performed and data reviewed by the Public Security and Migration Department of the Ministry of the Interior.

Statistics on the application of aggravating circumstance provisions in sentencing are not available at the moment. A special instruction or policy document governing the process of hate crime data collection does not exist. Only official statistics on crimes recorded as “Incitement against any National, Racial, Ethnic, Religious or Other Group of Persons”, which are mostly cases of hate speech, are published on the Ministry of the Interior’s website.

SELECT YEAR 2019

OFFICIAL DATA

YearHate crimes recorded by policeProsecutedSentencedAbout these data
2019910
2018742
2017943
20162067
20152454

Hate crimes recorded by police

By bias motivation

2 (1 damage to property, 1 incitement to violence)1 (incitement to violence) 4 (2 vandalism, 1 desecration of graves, 1 damage to property)2 (1 incitement to violence, 1 physical assault)
Racism and xenophobiaBias against Roma and SintiAnti-SemitismBias against other groups – Sexual orientation or gender identity

By type of crime

3 (1 Racism and xenophobia, 1 Bias against Roma and Sinti, 1 Bias against other groups – Sexual orientation or gender identity)2 (1 Anti-Semitism, 1 Racism and xenophobia)1 (Anti-Semitism)2 (Anti-Semitism)1 (Bias against other groups – Sexual orientation or gender identity)
incitement to violencedamage to propertydesecration of gravesvandalismphysical assault

Download official data

INCIDENTS REPORTED BY OTHER SOURCES

Total 19 incidents

1 (attacks against property)6 (5 – attacks against property, 1 – violent attacks against people)3 (attacks against property)2 (attacks against property)7 (2 – attacks against property, 3 – threats, 2 – violent attacks against people)
Racism and xenophobiaAnti-SemitismBias against MuslimsBias against TurkeyBias against other groups – Sexual orientation or gender identity

Kantor Center reported descriptive incidents as well as statistical data. This explains the discrepancy between the graphic above and the incidents included below.

Racism and xenophobia

DateType of incidentSourceDescription
2019-12Attacks against propertyEuropean Foundation of Human Rights (EFHR)Crosses erected in support of protests in Hong Kong at a pilgrimage site were vandalized by a group. A video of the incident shows a perpetrator damaging a cross while making xenophobic comments.

Anti-Semitism

DateType of incidentSourceDescription
2019-9Attacks against propertyKantor CenterA swastika made of flowers was placed in front of a Jewish community centre.
2019-9Attacks against propertyEuropean Foundation of Human Rights (EFHR)A Jewish community centre was vandalized with swastika graffiti.
2019-10Attacks against propertyKantor CenterAn installation commemorating the history of the local Jewish community was vandalized with anti-Semitic graffiti.
2019-11Attacks against propertyEuropean Foundation of Human Rights (EFHR)A memorial to the Jewish community was vandalized with anti-Semitic graffiti.
2019-11Attacks against propertyEuropean Foundation of Human Rights (EFHR), Kantor CenterA synagogue entrance was vandalized with graffiti consisting of Nazi salutations.

Bias against Muslims

DateType of incidentSourceDescription
2019-9Attacks against propertyEuropean Foundation of Human Rights (EFHR), SETAA mosque was burglarized when a window was broken, a door was damaged, and a donation box, laptop and video camera unit were stolen. This was one of two attacks against the mosque to occur over several months.
2019-11Attacks against propertyEuropean Foundation of Human Rights (EFHR), SETAA mosque was damaged when two stained glass windows were broken at night by a group. This was one of two attacks against the mosque to occur over several months.
2019-11Attacks against propertySETAA mosque was vandalized and had its windows broken for the second time in two months.

Bias against Christians

DateType of incidentSourceDescription
2019-5Attacks against propertyEuropean Foundation of Human Rights (EFHR)A cross was vandalized with an expletive and swastika graffiti.
2019-12Attacks against propertyHoly SeeA cross at a memorial site was vandalized and thrown away. The perpetrator filmed the incident and published the video on social media.

[..]

INTERNATIONAL REPORTS

No information is available.

KEY OBSERVATION

ODIHR observes that Lithuania has not made public reliable data and statistics on hate crimes.


Document data: published 16.11.2020. Link: http://hatecrime.osce.org/lithuania?year=2019

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