3. RACISM, XENOPHOBIA AND RELATED INTOLERANCE
3.1. RACISM REMAINS A PERSISTENT PROBLEM
3.1.1. EU action against antisemitism
Providing evidence to support efforts to counter antisemitism
The second report is FRA’s annual overview of the most recent
official and unofficial figures on antisemitic incidents across the EU.
It highlights that EU Member States still collect insufficient official
data. For example, no official data on reported antisemitic incidents
in 2018 were available for six Member States.
For the first time, the report also includes information on using
the non-legally binding working definition of antisemitism adopted
by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). By November 2019, 14 Member States had adopted or endorsed the definition: [..] Lithuania [..]
3.2. LEGAL AND POLICY INITIATIVES TO CURB HATE CRIME AND HATE SPEECH FALL SHORT
Besides gaps in legislation, lack of guidance for criminal justice personnel
makes it difficult to address hate crime effectively. In Lithuania, an analysis of 35 court cases from 2010–2018 on the application of criminal liability for hate crime and hate speech concluded that court practice is rather complicated without guidance on the pre-trial investigation of such crimes.39 [..]
39 Lithuania, Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos vidaus reikalų ministerija) (2019), Analysis of the cases of the application of criminal liability for hate crime and hate speech (Baudžiamosios atsakomybės už neapykantos nusikaltimus ir neapykantą kurstančias kalbas taikymo atvejų analizės ataskaita), pp. 31–34.
3.2.3. Encouraging hate crime reporting
[..] Research in Lithuania shows that victims do not believe that the offender will be punished.70 [..]
70 Lithuania, Labanauskas, L. (2019), The report of qualitative research on hate crime against vulnerable communities (Neapykantos nusikaltimų pažeidžiamų bendruomenių kokybinio tyrimo ataskaita), Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania (Vidaus reikalų ministerija), 5 January 2020, p. 78
4. ROMA EQUALITY AND INCLUSION
4.2. SEGREGATION REMAINS A CHALLENGE
A range of measures and initiatives aiming to improve equitable participation continued in 2019. A number of countries updated the action plans for the implementation of their national Roma integration strategies (Croatia,27 Greece,28 Lithuania,29 and Slovakia30) [..]
29 Lithuania, Ministry of Culture (Kultūros ministerija) (2015), Approval of action plan for integration of Roma ethnic group to Lithuanian society 2015–2020 (Įsakymas dėl romų integracijos į Lietuvos visuomenę 2015–2020 metų veiksmų plano patvirtinimo), No. ĮV-48, 29 January 2015.
A number of countries faced challenges in providing adequate funding for
efforts to promote Roma inclusion in education. In Lithuania, the Action plan for integration of Roma into Lithuanian society 2015–2020 (Romų integracijos į Lietuvos visuomenę 2015–2020 metų veiksmų planas) set out 18 measures. There was only enough funding to implement five in 2019.41
41 Lithuania (2019), Communication of NFP-Lithuania with the Department of National Minorities under the Government of Lithuania (Tautinių mažumų departamentas prie LR Vyriausybės), 13 August 2019.
In Lithuania, Roma houses that had been built illegally in the Kirtimai Roma settlement in Vilnius were demolished.48 According to the local Roma Community Centre, there was no dialogue with those affected and they received no legal information.49 They also claimed that the Vilnius Division of the State Territorial Planning and Construction Inspectorate and the Ministry of the Environment did not provide alternative housing. The Human Rights Committee of the Lithuanian Parliament intervened as a result. Subsequently the government asked the Vilnius Inspectorate to continue implementing the municipal Roma integration programme after 2019.50
48 Lithuania, Human Rights Committee of Seimas (Seimo žmogaus teisių komitetas) (2019), ‘Press release of Human Rights Committee of Seimas: “Between heaven and earth – The settlement is being demolished, no places to live are available, no employment and rooms for business to rent”’ (Seimo ŽTK pranešimas: “Tarp dangaus ir žemės – taboras griaunamas,
kur gyventi nepasiūlo, įdarbinti nenori, patalpų veiklai nenuomoja“), 29 March 2019.
49 Lithuania, Roma Community Centre (Romų visuomenės centras), communication of the Lithuanian Social Research Centre (LSTC) with the lawyer of the Roma Community Centre on 12 September 2019.
50 Office of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Vyriausybės kanceliarija) (2019), Protocol of the consultation meeting on Roma housing, No. LV-139, 23 April 2019.
Document data: 11.06.2020. ISBN 978-92-9474-895-9 Link: https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2020-fundamental-rights-report-2020_en.pdf