CEDAW Concluding observations on Lithuania (excerpts), 2014

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B.Positive aspects

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6.The Committee welcomes the fact that, in the period since the consideration of the previous reports, the State party has ratified or acceded to the following international instruments:

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(d)1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, in 2013.

C.Principal areas of concern and recommendations

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Participation in political and public life

28.The Committee commends the State party on the high percentage of women in its civil service and on the fact that two of the three highest State officials are women. The Committee is nonetheless concerned that no special measures have been applied as part of a comprehensive strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality of women and men in political and public life and to promote the participation of women from disadvantaged groups, such as rural women, women from ethnic minorities and women with disabilities, in political and public life. The Committee is also concerned at gender discrimination against women politicians based on prevailing stereotypes.

29. In line with its general recommendation No. 23 on women in political and public life, the Commit tee encourages the State party:

(a) To adopt temporary special measures, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and the Committee ’ s general recommendation No. 25 on the subject, including quotas, to increase the participation of women, in particular rural women, women from ethnic minorities and women with disabilities, in political and public life;

(b) To take measures to eliminate gender stereotyping against women politicians.

Nationality

30.The Committee notes with concern that the law on citizenship has an adverse impact on women and girls, given that it does not grant automatic citizenship to children born in the State party’s territory to stateless parents who are not permanent residents of Lithuania. The Committee is also concerned at the nationality status of Roma children.

31. The Committee encourages the State party to bring its national citizenship legislation in line with the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, in particular by providing for the automatic granting of nationality to all children born in Lithuania, including Roma children, who would otherwise be stateless.

Education

32.The Committee acknowledges the reforms of the national curriculum for basic compulsory education, which include measures to advance gender equality. The Committee remains concerned about the gender stereotypes and structural barriers negatively affecting the enrolment of girls in non-traditional educational and occupational fields, the gender stereotyping in textbooks, the absence of adequate education on sexual and reproductive health and rights and the low number of women in management positions in educational institutions and professorship positions. The Committee is also concerned about the placement of Roma girls in special schools or classes, the high rate at which Roma girls are dropping out of primary education and the low school attendance of Roma girls.

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(e) Continue legal and policy reforms to allow all girls to enjoy the right to education, and to that end ensure the enrolment of Roma girls and boys in regular classes at primary schools instead of schools or classes for children with special needs;

(f) Reduce the high rate at which Roma girls are dropping out of primary education, take effective measures to keep them in school and increase their attendance at the secondary level through measures such as granting scholarships and providing textbooks free of charge.

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Document data: CEDAW/C/LTU/CO/5 24.07.2014 Link: https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CEDAW/C/LTU/CO/5&Lang=En Also available in the other UN official languages

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